Vulcan Minerals Inc

Exploring for petroleum and minerals in Canada
...searching new areas for large deposits



Potash/Salt - Red Moon Potash Inc.

The Carboniferous aged strata of the Maritimes Basin is a significant producer of potash and salt.  The bulk of the salt production is in the form of rock salt for de-icing purposes.  Presently there are three producing mines in Atlantic Canada: Sussex, New Brunswick (potash/salt) - Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan; Pugwash, Nova Scotia (salt) - The Canadian Salt Company Limited; Nappan Salt Mine, Nova Scotia (salt) - Sifto Canada Inc. (evaporation operation).

Vulcan Minerals Inc. owns approximatley 65% of Red Moon Potash Inc. (Red Moon).  Red Moon owns 100% interest in 75,000 acres in the Bay St. George Basin of Western Newfoundland which is part of the regional Maritimes Basin.  On August 17, 2012, the Company spunout Red Moon as a new public comapny to its shareholders. The claims were systematically acquired over the course of the last ten years as the Bay St. George basin was the primary focus of the Company’s exploration efforts for petroleum and minerals.  They have the potential to host an economically viable potash/salt deposit.

Throughout the course of previous exploration, the company acquired several seismic surveys and has compiled all previous geologic and geophysical data for the area. As a result of this exploratory work the company acquired strategic mineral rights in those areas with thick evaporite sequences that contain salt and potash. The drill hole, Captain Cook #1 (2002), encountered approximately 400 meters of evaporites consisting of 240 meters of anhydrite, 160 meters of halite (salt) including approximately 5 gross meters of potash grading up to 20.4% potassium oxide (K20) at a depth of 287 meters. Previous work by other explorers for salt and potash in the Bay St. George Basin in the 1970’s and 1980’s tested a series of geophysical gravity lows related to salt domes.  Potash was discovered in the Fischell’s Brook salt dome and at Hooker-Robinson (see map below). The Hooker-Robinson occurrence, as well as the new Captain Cook discovery, are both on Red Moon’s mineral claims.

The Hooker-Robinson corehole encountered multiple interbeds of potash (1m to 8.7m thick) over an interval of 69.83 meters grading up to 6.3% K20. The Fischell’s Brook salt dome contained potash over a gross interval of approximately 5 metres grading from 0.1 to 19% K20. The Captain Cook potash zone does not occur in a gravity low, but rather appears to be part of a relatively undeformed section of the basin. This is important as it provides the potential for substantial thickness of potash at relatively shallow depth (less than 800 meters depth) in a stratified deposit where average potassium grades could be significantly higher than encountered in the salt domes.

The analogue for exploration is the potash mine in the Moncton basin of Sussex, New Brunswick, currently operated by the Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan. The mine produces approximately 800,000 tonnes per year with a current expansion underway to 2,000,000 tonnes per year. The Moncton and the Bay St. George basins are part of the larger Maritimes sedimentary basin, which covers most of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and parts of the Maritime Provinces. The evaporite package including the potash interval identified in the Moncton basin correlates straitgraphically, in geological time (Carboniferous) and depositional context to the Captain Cook potash zone identified in Bay St. George Basin, thus demonstrating the geologic potential of Red Moon's claims to host commercial deposits.

Further work in the form of drilling and seismic acquisition specifically directed at potash exploration will be required to evaluate this potential.  Up to now, the Company did not direct any exploration effort specifically to potash as the main focus has been petroleum exploration.  It is the opinion of the company that the optimum areas in the basin for potash mineralization remain undrilled and unexplored. The creation of REd Moon will allow a focussed exploration program for Potash/Salt to proceed.

The Bay St. George Basin has excellent road access and is available for shipping 12 months of the year in the North Atlantic. The Trans Canada highway and provincial electrical grids cross the property.

Captain Cook Potash Discovery Information

Assay results for potash samples from the Captain Cook #1 core hole in the Bay St. George Basin of western Newfoundland follows for significantly mineralized intervals: 

Sample Number

















































The Captain Cook hole was originally cored in January 2002 penetrating an evaporite sequence which contained several potash bearing zones.  One metre samples from the potash bearing zones were selected for detailed analysis in June, 2008.  These samples were cut using a dry core saw.  Sections with potash mineralization were selected and placed in sealed plastic bags and sent to the Saskatchewan Research Council for assay by their basic potash exploration package.

In conjunction with research on salt (halite) mineralization, X-Ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was carried out on several samples from the Captain Cook hole during August 2006 at Memorial University, Earth Science Department.  Three samples with potash mineralization were analyzed by the XRD method: CC-4A, CC-4B and CC-7.  The minerals identified in the samples were reported to be sylvite (KCl) and halite (NaCl).

The results are considered very encouraging by the company because they identify the potential for potash mineralization as sylvite at grades which may be of economic significance with relatively low insoluble content. As well very thick sections up to 30 metres contain high grade salt sections in Captain Cook #1 which warrant further evaluation as a resource seperate from or in conjunction with the potash potential. In 2013 two stepout holes were drilled, 500 m and 1000 m respectively from Captain Cook #1. Each hole encountered thick high grade salt intervals with lesser potash. The 2014 program will encompass further stepout delineation of both the salt and potash beds towards a regulatory compliant resource assessment. 

Below:  Potash Core Sample from Captain Cook #1

Potash Samples

Click for map of Mineral Licences in Bay St. George

Click for map of Maritimes Basin

Click for image of Evaporite Stratigraphy of Maritimes Basin

Click for image of 2014 Captain Cook Drilling Locations